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ارسال کننده : سرکار خانم زهرا رحیمی
سطح فعالیت : نویسنده
ایمیل : NJIRAN33[@]GMAIL.COM
تاریخ ارسال : ۲۴ آذر ۱۳۹۹
دفعات بازدید : 82
زبان نوشتاری : انگلیسی
تعداد صفحه : 7
فرمت فایل : pdf
حجم فایل : 347kb

قیمت فایل : رایگان
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Book Summary

Chinas accelerated development, not only in the economic realm, but in all strategic fields, such as military, industry, and technology (which are undoubtedly the main pillars of a sustainable power) heralds the appearance of a great superpower in the Eastern world. Therefore, there is no doubt that China with such a steady growth will become a major challenge against the undisputed dominance of the United States over the world-system until the end of the 2020s, and ultimately due to the inefficiency of international organizations in restraining the world political relations, another cold war will be imposed on the US. And now, the question is whether the United States will accept such a threat. Undoubtedly no. It is why Chinas politics of power restraint should be regarded as the main pillars of United States foreign policy in the 2020s. But how would China stop?

In a nutshell, the only possible way to defeat China is through Iran and Russia. The strong dependence of Chinas economy on oil imports, which has made China, as the worlds largest oil importer by nearly 8 million barrels daily, illustrates the serious weakness of the economy energy security in China. Therefore, it is obvious that the US government could harness the global oil market effortlessly. the United States can simply overthrow the authoritarian government of china or make it a subordinate and client state, by pushing China`s energy security, as well as not taking economic and commercial tools into account. However, the United States domination over the global oil trade is not an easy task. Although the relative control of the United States over the global oil trade is undeniable, presence of two oil-rich countries, independent of the United States, Iran and Russia with over 10 million barrels of oil daily export capacity (that simply capable to supply Chinas energy security), practically has made China`s oil embargo impossible. From this point of view, undoubtedly China will continue to develop and expand its power so long as it is accompanied by the two countries, Iran and Russia.

Despite its flaws, the tactical alliance between Iran, Russia, and China has been effective not only for China but also for the other eastern powers, Iran and Russia. Since the alliance enabled the eastern powers to serve their strategic interests in the US unilateral system. And, contrary to the 2000s, when it is considered as a decade of the United States pressure on the independent states of the world in the post-Soviet era, this alliance led to the inaction of US pressure on the eastern allies in the 2010s. As it is evident, unlike the 2000s, Russians faced a wave of color and velvet revolutions in three regions, Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia, and lost their domain of influence. Also, as Iran occupied two neighboring countries, Iraq and Afghanistan, it was surrounded in the circle of the US allies and was threatened to war directly. in the process of

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ideological transformation, China sacrificed its political and economic independence to economic development and joining the World System under the US control. But during the 2010s changes, the tactical alliance between China, Iran, and Russia practically led the three eastern allies to benefit from the course of development, and for the first time during the post-Soviet era, the United States placed in the position of weakness against the Eastern states.

An obvious example of this weakness is illustrated well in the outcome of the Syrian civil war, or more precisely, the Syrian proxy war. The war that ultimately ended despite all US pressures, with the tactical alliance of Iran and Russia, and Chinas financial support for Iran by establishing a mechanism for moderating economic sanctions. It finally ended with the imposition of Eastern Allies will on the United States and stabilized the interests of the Eastern Allies in the Middle East. However, there is no doubt that this great victory is not the end of US pressure on the Eastern allies, and it seems that the United States understands their inability against the tactical alliance of Iran, Russia, and China, and is seeking to impose a new wave of pressures on all three powers step by step and separately, by creating political gaps among the eastern allies. The pressure that appears to be overthrowing all three eastern powers this time.

Of course, in the meantime, the course of developments has confirmed this claim. As it is quite clear, in the first step, the US practically prepared a gap between Iran and Russia by the Russian`s politic of seduction and the promise of Saudi investment in Russia, as well as the recognition of Russias long-term interests in Syria, conditioned by breaking the tactical relations between Iran and Russia. Also, in the second step, by the declaration of a formal trade war against China, the US forced the Beijing government to choose only one option between a close to a trillion-dollar trade with the United States and continuation of tactical cooperation with Iran. It is apparent that China will prefer the trillion-dollar trade and continue cooperation with the United States.

Now, after this gap, Iran has become a lonely power, and the United States is looking for overthrow Iran in the face of the toughest economic sanctions by a policy called the Oil-for-Food Program. The policy that had been applied to the oil-rich country of Iraq between 1996 to 2003, which eventually disintegrated Iraqs political and economic foundation, and now the world is waiting for Irans political and economic collapse. Of course, it is clear that under the circumstances, Iran government is desperately trying to make some changes, by adopting contractionary resistance policy against sanctions, or hope for a change in the United States government so that perhaps, could reach an even shaky deal with American Democratic politicians over returning to negotiations. Unaware that, first and foremost, US foreign policy is a quite continuous policy that wont virtually be changed by changing governments, and second,

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